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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
Form 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
 
 
þ
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended November 3, 2017
or
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from            to           
 
Commission File Number: 001-37867
 
Dell Technologies Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
 
Delaware
 
80-0890963
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
One Dell Way, Round Rock, Texas 78682
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

1-800-289-3355 
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes þ No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer 
 
Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer þ  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company 
 
 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes No þ

As of December 5, 2017, there were 769,388,828 shares of the registrant's common stock outstanding, consisting of 199,354,950 outstanding shares of Class V Common Stock, 409,659,013 outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock, 136,986,858 outstanding shares of Class B Common Stock, and 23,388,007 outstanding shares of Class C Common Stock.



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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This report contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The words "may," "will," "anticipate," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "plan," "aim," "seek," and similar expressions as they relate to us or our management are intended to identify these forward-looking statements. All statements by us regarding our expected financial position, revenues, cash flows and other operating results, business strategy, legal proceedings, and similar matters are forward-looking statements. Our expectations expressed or implied in these forward-looking statements may not turn out to be correct. Our results could be materially different from our expectations because of various risks, including the risks discussed in "Part I — Item 1A — Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 3, 2017 and in our other periodic and current reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date as of which such statement is made, and, except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement after the date as of which such statement was made, whether to reflect changes in circumstances or our expectations, the occurrence of unanticipated events, or otherwise.



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DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
 



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PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Index
 
Page
 



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DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION
(in millions; unaudited)
 
November 3, 2017
 
February 3, 2017
ASSETS
Current assets:
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
11,706

 
$
9,474

Short-term investments
2,008

 
1,975

Accounts receivable, net
9,189

 
9,420

Short-term financing receivables, net
3,643

 
3,222

Inventories, net
2,582

 
2,538

Other current assets
5,397

 
4,144

Total current assets
34,525

 
30,773

Property, plant, and equipment, net
5,378

 
5,653

Long-term investments
4,273

 
3,802

Long-term financing receivables, net
3,317

 
2,651

Goodwill
39,330

 
38,910

Intangible assets, net
29,846

 
35,053

Other non-current assets
1,725

 
1,364

Total assets
$
118,394

 
$
118,206

LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE SHARES, AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Short-term debt
$
6,235

 
$
6,329

Accounts payable
16,711

 
14,422

Accrued and other
6,901

 
7,119

Short-term deferred revenue
10,895

 
10,265

Total current liabilities
40,742

 
38,135

Long-term debt (Note 7)
45,416

 
43,061

Long-term deferred revenue
9,161

 
8,431

Other non-current liabilities
7,487

 
9,339

Total liabilities
102,806

 
98,966

Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)


 


Redeemable shares (Note 18)
362

 
231

Stockholders' equity:
 
 
 
Common stock and capital in excess of $.01 par value (Note 17)
19,927

 
20,199

Treasury stock at cost
(1,440
)
 
(752
)
Accumulated deficit
(8,742
)
 
(5,609
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(226
)
 
(595
)
Total Dell Technologies Inc. stockholders’ equity
9,519

 
13,243

Non-controlling interests
5,707

 
5,766

Total stockholders' equity
15,226

 
19,009

Total liabilities, redeemable shares, and stockholders' equity
$
118,394

 
$
118,206


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


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DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (LOSS)
(in millions, except per share amounts; unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
November 3, 2017
 
October 28, 2016
 
November 3, 2017
 
October 28, 2016
Net revenue:
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
Products
$
14,680

 
$
12,366

 
$
42,003

 
$
33,510

Services
4,930

 
3,881

 
14,722

 
8,058

Total net revenue
19,610

 
16,247

 
56,725

 
41,568

Cost of net revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Products
12,369

 
10,562

 
36,206

 
28,856

Services
2,078

 
1,786

 
6,245

 
4,284

Total cost of net revenue
14,447

 
12,348

 
42,451

 
33,140

Gross margin
5,163

 
3,899

 
14,274

 
8,428

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general, and administrative
4,625

 
4,556

 
13,989

 
8,647

Research and development
1,071

 
855

 
3,297

 
1,365

Total operating expenses
5,696

 
5,411

 
17,286

 
10,012

Operating loss
(533
)
 
(1,512
)
 
(3,012
)
 
(1,584
)
Interest and other, net
(682
)
 
(794
)
 
(1,800
)
 
(1,362
)
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes
(1,215
)
 
(2,306
)
 
(4,812
)
 
(2,946
)
Income tax benefit
(274
)
 
(669
)
 
(1,510
)
 
(623
)
Net loss from continuing operations
(941
)
 
(1,637
)
 
(3,302
)
 
(2,323
)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes (Note 3)

 
(438
)
 

 
875

Net loss
(941
)
 
(2,075
)
 
(3,302
)
 
(1,448
)
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests
(4
)
 
(11
)
 
(85
)
 
(12
)
Net loss attributable to Dell Technologies Inc.
$
(937
)
 
$
(2,064
)
 
$
(3,217
)
 
$
(1,436
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) per share attributable to Dell Technologies Inc. - basic:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations - Class V Common Stock - basic
$
1.10

 
$
0.79

 
$
2.50

 
$
0.79

Continuing operations - DHI Group - basic
$
(2.05
)
 
$
(3.62
)
 
$
(6.57
)
 
$
(5.70
)
Discontinued operations - DHI Group - basic
$

 
$
(0.88
)
 
$

 
$
2.01

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) per share attributable to Dell Technologies Inc. - diluted:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations - Class V Common Stock - diluted
$
1.09

 
$
0.78

 
$
2.46

 
$
0.78

Continuing operations - DHI Group - diluted
$
(2.05
)
 
$
(3.63
)
 
$
(6.58
)
 
$
(5.70
)
Discontinued operations - DHI Group - diluted
$

 
$
(0.88
)
 
$

 
$
2.01

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


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DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(in millions; unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
November 3, 2017
 
October 28, 2016
 
November 3, 2017
 
October 28, 2016
Net loss
$
(941
)
 
$
(2,075
)
 
$
(3,302
)
 
$
(1,448
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(125
)
 
(256
)
 
325

 
(214
)
Available-for-sale investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in unrealized gains (losses)
(3
)
 
(5
)
 
44

 
(5
)
Reclassification adjustment for net losses realized in net loss

 

 
3

 

Net change in market value of investments
(3
)
 
(5
)
 
47

 
(5
)
Cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in unrealized gains (losses)
76

 
82

 
(81
)
 
(25
)
Reclassification adjustment for net (gains) losses included in net loss
31

 
(17
)
 
80

 
64

Net change in cash flow hedges
107

 
65

 
(1
)
 
39

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax expense (benefit) of $9 and ($3), respectively, and $24 and $2, respectively
(21
)
 
(196
)
 
371

 
(180
)
Comprehensive loss, net of tax
(962
)
 
(2,271
)
 
(2,931
)
 
(1,628
)
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests
(4
)
 
(11
)
 
(85
)
 
(12
)
Less: Other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests
(2
)
 

 
2

 

Comprehensive loss attributable to Dell Technologies Inc.
$
(956
)
 
$
(2,260
)
 
$
(2,848
)
 
$
(1,616
)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.




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DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions; unaudited; continued on next page)
 
Nine Months Ended
 
November 3, 2017
 
October 28, 2016
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(3,302
)
 
$
(1,448
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
6,491

 
2,897

Stock-based compensation expense
630

 
183

Effects of exchange rate changes on monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies
77

 
52

Deferred income taxes
(1,957
)
 
(2,036
)
Provision for doubtful accounts — including financing receivables
117

 
80

Net loss on sale of businesses
20

 

Amortization of debt issuance costs
140

 
141

Other
227

 
29

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions and dispositions:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
258

 
(1,156
)
Financing receivables
(1,026
)
 
(253
)
Inventories
(205
)
 
152

Other assets
(1,286
)
 
(65
)
Accounts payable
2,272

 
968

Deferred revenue
1,293

 
1,019

Accrued and other liabilities
(70
)
 
1,006

Change in cash from operating activities
3,679

 
1,569

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Investments:
 
 
 

Purchases
(3,454
)
 
(511
)
Maturities and sales
2,993

 
561

Capital expenditures
(902
)
 
(417
)
Proceeds from sale of facilities, land, and other assets

 
24

Capitalized software development costs
(281
)
 
(85
)
Collections on purchased financing receivables
25

 
31

Acquisition of businesses, net
(223
)
 
(37,614
)
Asset acquisitions, net
(95
)
 

Asset dispositions, net
(53
)
 

Other

 
(48
)
Change in cash from investing activities
(1,990
)
 
(38,059
)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


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DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(continued; in millions; unaudited)
 
Nine Months Ended
 
November 3, 2017
 
October 28, 2016
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Payment of dissenting shares obligation

 
(446
)
Proceeds from the issuance of DHI Group Common Stock

 
4,404

Proceeds from the issuance of common stock of subsidiaries
110

 
101

Repurchases of DHI Group Common Stock
(6
)
 
(10
)
Repurchases of Class V Common Stock
(722
)
 
(132
)
Repurchases of common stock of subsidiaries
(555
)
 
(611
)
Issuance of common stock under employee plans
1

 

Payments for debt issuance costs
(44
)
 
(849
)
Proceeds from debt
13,192

 
45,986

Repayments of debt
(11,181
)
 
(9,638
)
Share repurchases for tax withholdings on vesting of equity awards
(299
)
 
(28
)
Other

 
10

Change in cash from financing activities
496

 
38,787

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
47

 
31

Change in cash and cash equivalents
2,232

 
2,328

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period, including amounts held for sale
9,474

 
6,576

Cash and cash equivalents at end of the period
11,706

 
8,904

Less: Cash included in current assets held for sale

 
82

Cash and cash equivalents from continuing operations
$
11,706

 
$
8,822


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


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DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(in millions; unaudited; continued on next page)

 
Common Stock and Capital in Excess of Par Value
 
Treasury Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DHI Group
 
Class V Common Stock
 
DHI Group
 
Class V Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Issued Shares
 
Amount
 
Issued Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss)
 
Dell Technologies Stockholders' Equity
 
Non-Controlling Interests
 
Total Stockholders' Equity
Balances as of February 3, 2017
569

 
$
10,158

 
223

 
$
10,041

 

 
$
(10
)
 
14

 
$
(742
)
 
$
(5,609
)
 
$
(595
)
 
$
13,243

 
$
5,766

 
$
19,009

Adjustment for adoption of accounting standard (Note 1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
84

 

 
84

 

 
84

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(3,217
)
 

 
(3,217
)
 
(85
)
 
(3,302
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
325

 
325

 

 
325

Investments, net change

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
45

 
45

 
2

 
47

Cash flow hedges, net change

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(1
)
 
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
Issuance of common stock
2

 
(25
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(25
)
 

 
(25
)
Stock-based compensation expense

 
86

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
86

 
545

 
631

Treasury stock repurchases

 

 

 

 
1

 
(6
)
 
10

 
(682
)
 

 

 
(688
)
 

 
(688
)
Revaluation of redeemable shares

 
(131
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(131
)
 

 
(131
)
Impact from equity transactions of non-controlling interests

 
(202
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(202
)
 
(521
)
 
(723
)
Balances as of November 3, 2017
571

 
$
9,886

 
223

 
$
10,041

 
1

 
$
(16
)
 
24

 
$
(1,424
)
 
$
(8,742
)
 
$
(226
)
 
$
9,519

 
$
5,707

 
$
15,226


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.




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DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(in millions; unaudited; continued)

 
Common Stock and Capital in Excess of Par Value
 
Treasury Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DHI Group
 
Class V Common Stock
 
DHI Group
 
Class V Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Issued Shares
 
Amount
 
Issued Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss)
 
Dell Technologies Stockholders' Equity
 
Non-Controlling Interests
 
Total Stockholders' Equity
Balances as of January 29, 2016
405

 
$
5,727

 

 
$

 

 
$

 

 
$

 
$
(3,937
)
 
$
(324
)
 
$
1,466

 
$

 
$
1,466

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(1,436
)
 

 
(1,436
)
 
(12
)
 
(1,448
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(214
)
 
(214
)
 

 
(214
)
Investments, net change

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(5
)
 
(5
)
 

 
(5
)
Cash flow hedges, net change

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
39

 
39

 

 
39

Fair value of non-controlling interests assumed in business combination

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
6,097

 
6,097

Issuance of common stock
163

 
4,427

 
223

 
10,041

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
14,468

 

 
14,468

Stock-based compensation expense

 
183

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
183

 

 
183

Tax benefit from stock-based compensation

 
2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
2

 

 
2

Treasury stock repurchases

 

 

 

 

 
(10
)
 
4

 
(165
)
 

 

 
(175
)
 

 
(175
)
Revaluation of redeemable shares

 
(81
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(81
)
 

 
(81
)
Impact from equity transactions of non-controlling interests

 
(361
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(361
)
 
(146
)
 
(507
)
Other

 
(13
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
7

 

 
(6
)
 

 
(6
)
Balances as of October 28, 2016
568

 
$
9,884

 
223

 
$
10,041

 

 
$
(10
)
 
4

 
$
(165
)
 
$
(5,366
)
 
$
(504
)
 
$
13,880

 
$
5,939

 
$
19,819


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.



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DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 
(unaudited)



NOTE 1 — BASIS OF PRESENTATION

EMC Merger Transaction — On September 7, 2016, EMC Corporation, a Massachusetts corporation ("EMC"), became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Dell Technologies Inc. (the "Company") as a result of the merger of Universal Acquisition Co., a Delaware corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company ("Merger Sub"), with and into EMC, with EMC surviving as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the "EMC merger transaction"). See Note 2 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on the EMC merger transaction.

Divestitures — On November 2, 2016, the Company completed substantially all of the divestiture of Dell Services. On October 31, 2016, the Company completed the divestiture of Dell Software Group ("DSG"). On January 23, 2017, the Company completed the divestiture of the Dell EMC Enterprise Content Division ("ECD"). In accordance with applicable accounting guidance, the results of Dell Services, DSG, and ECD are presented as discontinued operations in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) and, as such, have been excluded from both continuing operations and segment results for the relevant periods. See Note 3 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

SecureWorks Initial Public Offering — On April 27, 2016, SecureWorks Corp. ("SecureWorks") completed a registered underwritten initial public offering ("IPO") of its Class A common stock. The results of the SecureWorks operations are included in other businesses. See Note 15 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.

Basis of Presentation — The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 3, 2017. These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP"). In the opinion of management, the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements reflect all adjustments of a normal recurring nature considered necessary to fairly state the financial position of Dell Technologies Inc. (individually and together with its consolidated subsidiaries, the "Company" or "Dell Technologies") as of November 3, 2017 and February 3, 2017, the results of its operations and corresponding comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine months ended November 3, 2017 and October 28, 2016, as well as its cash flows for the nine months ended November 3, 2017 and October 28, 2016.

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying Notes. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates. The results of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine months ended November 3, 2017 and October 28, 2016 and cash flows for the nine months ended November 3, 2017 and October 28, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full fiscal year or for any other fiscal period.

The Company's fiscal year is the 52- or 53-week period ending on the Friday nearest January 31. The fiscal year ended February 3, 2017 ("Fiscal 2017") was a 53-week period while the fiscal year ending February 2, 2018 ("Fiscal 2018") will be a 52-week period.

As a result of the EMC merger transaction completed on September 7, 2016, the Company's results of operations, comprehensive income (loss), and cash flows for the fiscal periods reflected in these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are not directly comparable as the results of the acquired businesses are only included in the consolidated results from September 7, 2016.

Unless the context indicates otherwise, references in these Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements to "VMware" mean the VMware reportable segment, which reflects the operations of VMware, Inc. (NYSE: VMW) within Dell Technologies. See Exhibit 99.1 filed with the Company's quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended November 3, 2017 for information on the differences between VMware reportable segment results and VMware, Inc. results.



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DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(unaudited)

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

Revenue from Contracts with Customers In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued amended guidance on the recognition of revenue from contracts with customers. The objective of the new standard is to establish a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and will supersede substantially all of the existing revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. The new standard requires entities to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new standard also provides guidance on the accounting for costs to fulfill or obtain a customer contract. Further, the new standard requires additional disclosures to help enable users of the financial statements to better understand the nature, amount, timing, risks, and judgments related to revenue recognition and related cash flows from contracts with customers.

In August 2015, the FASB approved a one-year deferral of the effective date of this standard. Public entities are required to adopt the new standard for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. The new revenue standard may be applied retrospectively to each prior period presented (full retrospective method) or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying the standard recognized at the date of initial application in retained earnings (modified retrospective method). The Company currently expects to adopt this standard retrospectively to each prior period presented for the fiscal year beginning February 3, 2018.

While the Company is currently evaluating the financial and system impacts that the new standard will have on the Consolidated Financial Statements, the Company expects that unearned license revenue related to the sale of software licenses and related deliverables will decline upon adoption. Currently, the Company defers revenue for certain software arrangements due to the absence of vendor specific objective evidence ("VSOE") of fair value for all or a portion of the deliverables. Under the new standard, the Company will no longer be required to establish VSOE of fair value in order to account for elements in an arrangement as separate units of accounting, and will be able to record revenue upon satisfaction of each performance obligation. Additionally, the Company expects the new standard to have an impact on the way the transaction price is allocated for certain non-standard warranties. The new standard is expected to result in more of the aggregate transaction price related to the non-standard warranty being recorded as revenue upon delivery of the underlying product, because the Company will no longer defer revenue based on the separately stated price of the non-standard warranty provided under the contract. The Company continues to make progress in assessing the impacts of the standard on the Consolidated Financial Statements and will continue to evaluate the impact of any changes to the standard or interpretations should they become available.

Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities In January 2016, the FASB issued amended guidance that addresses certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. Public entities must adopt the new guidance for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. The amended guidance requires changes in the fair value of equity investments to be recognized through net income, rather than other comprehensive income. Adoption of the standard will be applied through a cumulative one-time adjustment to retained earnings. For the Company’s equity investments without readily determinable fair values, the Company expects to elect the measurement alternative to record those investments at cost, less impairment, and adjusted by observable price changes on a prospective basis. The impact of the standard on the Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) will depend on the relative changes in market price of the equity investments.

Leases In February 2016, the FASB issued amended guidance on the accounting for leasing transactions. The primary objective of this update is to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by requiring lessees to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements.  The guidance makes some changes to lessor accounting, including the elimination of the use of third-party residual value guarantee insurance in the sales-type lease test. Public entities must adopt the new guidance for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. Companies are required to use a modified retrospective approach for leases that exist or are entered into after the beginning of the earliest comparative period in the financial statements. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the standard will have on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments In June 2016, the FASB issued amended guidance which replaces the current incurred loss impairment methodology for measurement of credit losses on financial instruments with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. Public entities must adopt the new guidance for fiscal years beginning after


13

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DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(unaudited)

December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted for fiscal periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the standard will have on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments — In August 2016, the FASB issued amended guidance on the presentation and classification of eight specific cash flow issues with the objective of reducing existing diversity in practice. Public entities must adopt the new guidance for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. Companies should reflect any adjustments on a retrospective basis, if practicable; otherwise, adoption is required to be applied as of the earliest date practicable. The Company will adopt this standard as of May 4, 2018, and will apply adjustments retrospectively to each prior period presented on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for that period. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the standard, and other than certain reclassifications on the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, it is not expected to have a material impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Statement of Cash Flows, Restricted Cash — In November 2016, the FASB issued amended guidance requiring entities to include explanations of changes in restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents on the cash flow statement, and also to provide a supplemental reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash. Public entities must adopt the new guidance for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company will adopt this standard as of May 4, 2018, and will apply adjustments retrospectively to each prior period presented on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for that period and provide the supplemental reconciliation. The Company does not expect that the standard will have a material impact on its Consolidated Financial Statements as its restricted cash balance does not change significantly from period to period.

Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment — In January 2017, the FASB issued amended guidance to simplify the subsequent measurement of goodwill by removing Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test. Instead, under the amendments in the new guidance, an entity should perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An entity should recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value. Public entities must adopt the new guidance in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the new guidance, but does not expect that the standard will have an impact on its Consolidated Financial Statements.

Derivatives and Hedging In August 2017, the FASB issued amended guidance that will make more financial and non-financial hedging strategies eligible for hedge accounting. The amended guidance changes how companies assess effectiveness, and also amends the presentation and disclosure requirements. The guidance is intended to simplify the application of hedge accounting and increase transparency as to the scope and results of hedging programs. Immediate early adoption is permitted in any interim or annual period. The Company will early adopt this guidance at the beginning of the fiscal year ending February 1, 2019. The Company is currently evaluating the application of the new guidance, but does not expect that it will have a material impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting — In March 2016, the FASB issued amended guidance on the accounting for employee share-based payments, including the accounting for income taxes and forfeitures, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification of cash flows. The Company adopted this guidance at the beginning of Fiscal 2018. In accordance with the new guidance, excess tax benefits or deficiencies for stock-based compensation are now reflected as a component of the provision for income taxes on the Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss), whereas they were previously recorded as additional paid-in capital. The Company has elected to continue to estimate expected forfeitures. Additionally, the Company now presents excess tax benefits as an operating activity rather than a financing activity on the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, while the cash flows related to employee taxes paid for withheld shares are presented as a financing activity with prior periods adjusted accordingly. The adoption of the amended guidance did not have a material impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements. The prospective impact of the new standard will depend on the Company's stock price at the vesting or exercise dates of the awards and the number of awards that vest or are exercised in each period, but the Company does not expect the impact to be material in future periods.



14

Table of Contents
DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(unaudited)

Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory — In October 2016, the FASB issued amended guidance on the accounting for income taxes. The new guidance requires companies to recognize the income tax effects of intra-entity asset transfers, other than transfers of inventory, when the transfer occurs instead of when the asset is sold to a third party. The new guidance should be applied on a modified-retrospective basis with the cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. The Company early adopted this guidance at the beginning of Fiscal 2018.  At adoption, approximately $84 million was reclassified from other non-current liabilities to retained earnings, resulting in a net credit to retained earnings.


15

Table of Contents
DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(unaudited)

NOTE 2 BUSINESS COMBINATIONS

EMC Merger Transaction

Transaction Overview — On September 7, 2016, EMC became a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company as a result of the merger of Merger Sub with and into EMC, with EMC surviving as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. Pursuant to the terms of the merger agreement, upon the completion of the EMC merger transaction, each issued and outstanding share of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of EMC (approximately 2.0 billion shares as of September 7, 2016) was converted into the right to receive (1) $24.05 in cash, without interest, and (2) 0.11146 validly issued, fully paid, and non-assessable shares of common stock of the Company designated as Class V Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the "Class V Common Stock"), plus cash in lieu of any fractional shares. Shares of the Class V Common Stock were approved for listing on the New York Stock Exchange (the "NYSE") under the ticker symbol "DVMT" and began trading on September 7, 2016.

In connection with the EMC merger transaction, the Company authorized 343 million shares of Class V Common Stock. On September 7, 2016, Dell Technologies issued 223 million shares of Class V Common Stock to EMC shareholders at a purchase price of $45.07 per share for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $10 billion. The total fair value of consideration transferred to effect the EMC merger transaction was approximately $64 billion, which primarily consisted of cash and such shares of Class V Common Stock, as well as the fair value of non-controlling interests in VMware, Inc. and Pivotal Software, Inc. ("Pivotal"), majority-owned consolidated subsidiaries of EMC. See Note 17 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on the Class V Common Stock.


16

Table of Contents
DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(unaudited)

Assets Acquired and Liabilities Assumed — The EMC merger transaction has been accounted for as a business combination under the acquisition method of accounting. The cumulative impact of any subsequent changes resulting from the facts and circumstances that existed as of the transaction date will be adjusted in the reporting period in which the adjustment amount is determined. The following table summarizes, as of November 3, 2017, the purchase price allocation to the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed in the EMC merger transaction (in millions):
Current assets:
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
10,080

Short-term investments
1,765

Accounts receivable
2,810

Short-term financing receivables
64

Inventories, net
1,993

Other current assets
903

Total current assets
17,615

Property, plant, and equipment
4,490

Long-term investments
4,317

Long-term financing receivables, net
65

Goodwill
31,539

Purchased intangibles
31,218

Other non-current assets
445

Total assets
$
89,689

Current liabilities:
 
Short-term debt
$
905

Accounts payable
728

Accrued and other
3,259

Short-term deferred revenue
4,954

Total current liabilities
9,846

Long-term debt
5,474

Long-term deferred revenue
3,469

Deferred tax liabilities
6,625

Other non-current liabilities
324

Total liabilities
25,738

Total net assets
$
63,951


The table above includes amounts allocated to ECD, which was divested in the fiscal year ended February 3, 2017. See Note 3 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on discontinued operations.



17

Table of Contents
DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(unaudited)

Pro Forma Financial Information — The following table provides unaudited pro forma results of operations for the periods presented as if the transaction date had occurred on January 31, 2015, the first day of the fiscal year ended January 29, 2016.
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
October 28, 2016
 
October 28, 2016
 
(in millions, except per share amounts)
Total net revenue (a)
$
17,891

 
$
53,658

Net loss attributable to Dell Technologies Inc. (a)
$
(810
)
 
$
(3,352
)
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) per share attributable to Dell Technologies Inc. - basic (b):
 
 
 
Continuing operations - Class V Common Stock
$
0.79

 
$
1.84

Continuing operations - DHI Group
$
(1.71
)
 
$
(6.58
)
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) per share attributable to Dell Technologies Inc. - diluted (b):
 
 
 
Continuing operations - Class V Common Stock
$
0.78

 
$
1.83

Continuing operations - DHI Group
$
(1.71
)
 
$
(6.58
)
____________________
(a) The amounts presented for the three and nine months ended October 28, 2016 are different from those reported in the Company's Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended October 28, 2016 previously filed with the SEC due to the finalization of purchase accounting related to the amortization amount and periods for deferred revenue and intangible asset fair value adjustments.
(b)
For purposes of calculating pro forma earnings (loss) per share, the Company used the two-class method. Earnings are allocated between the Class V Common Stock and the DHI Group on a basis consistent with historical earnings (loss) per share.

The pro forma information for the three and nine months ended October 28, 2016 combines the Company's historical results for the three and nine months ended October 28, 2016 and EMC's historical results for the three and nine months ended October 28, 2016. The historical results have been adjusted in the pro forma information to give effect to items that are (a) directly attributable to the EMC merger transaction, (b) factually supportable, and (c) expected to have a continuing impact on the combined company's results. The pro forma information is presented for informational purposes only. The unaudited pro forma results include the elimination of non-recurring transaction and integration costs of $1.2 billion and $1.4 billion for the three and nine months ended October 28, 2016, respectively. The pro forma information does not purport to represent what the combined company's results of operations or financial condition would have been had the EMC merger transaction actually occurred on the date indicated, and does not purport to project the combined company's results of operations for any future period or as of any future date.

Acquisitions by VMware, Inc.

During the three months ended August 4, 2017, VMware, Inc. completed the acquisitions of Wavefront and Apteligent, Inc., which were not material to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. These acquisitions are a part of VMware, Inc.’s
strategy to accelerate the development of VMware Inc.'s Cloud services and other technologies. The aggregate purchase price for the two acquisitions was $323 million, inclusive of the fair value of the Company's existing investment in Wavefront of $69 million and cash acquired of $35 million. The aggregate purchase price included $36 million of identifiable intangible assets and $238 million of goodwill that is not expected to be deductible for tax purposes. The identifiable intangible assets primarily relate to purchased technology, with estimated useful lives of five years. The fair value of assumed unvested equity attributable to post-combination services was $37 million and will be expensed over the remaining requisite service periods on a straight-line basis. The estimated fair value of the stock options assumed by the Company was determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

Prior to the closing of the acquisition, Dell Technologies, including VMware, Inc., held an ownership interest in Wavefront. Upon completion of the step acquisition, Dell Technologies recognized a $45 million gain in interest and other, net for the remeasurement of its ownership interest to fair value. The gain recognized in the step acquisition is not expected to be taxable.

The Company has not presented pro forma results of operations for the foregoing acquisitions because they are not material to the Company's consolidated results of operations, financial position, or cash flows.


18

Table of Contents
DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(unaudited)

NOTE 3 DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

Dell Inc. ("Dell") entered into a definitive agreement with NTT Data International L.L.C. to divest substantially all of Dell Services, and on November 2, 2016, the parties closed substantially all of the transaction. Dell Inc. entered into a definitive agreement with Francisco Partners and Elliot Management Corporation to divest substantially all of DSG, and on October 31, 2016, the parties closed the transaction. EMC, a subsidiary of the Company, entered into a definitive agreement with OpenText Corporation to divest the Dell EMC Enterprise Content Division, and on January 23, 2017, the parties closed the transaction. Upon closing of the respective transactions, the Company entered into transition services agreements with NTT Data International L.L.C., Francisco Partners and Elliot Management, and OpenText Corporation pursuant to which the Company provides various administrative services on an interim transitional basis. Transition services may be provided for up to one year, with an option to renew after that period. The Company also entered into various commercial agreements with NTT Data International L.L.C., Francisco Partners and Elliot Management, and OpenText Corporation that include reseller agreements for certain offerings.

In accordance with applicable accounting guidance, the Company reclassified the financial results of Dell Services, DSG, and ECD as discontinued operations in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) for the relevant periods. The following two tables present key financial results of Dell Services, DSG, and ECD included in "Income from discontinued operations, net of income taxes" for the three and nine months ended October 28, 2016:

 
Three Months Ended October 28, 2016
 
Dell Services
 
DSG
 
ECD (b)
 
Total
 
(in millions)
Net revenue
$
658

 
$
326

 
$
74

 
$
1,058

Cost of net revenue
523

 
74

 
28

 
625

Operating expenses
116

 
233

 
66

 
415

Interest and other, net

 
(8
)
 

 
(8
)
Income from discontinued operations before income taxes
19

 
11

 
(20
)
 
10

Income tax provision (benefit) (a)
(37
)
 
489

 
(4
)
 
448

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes
$
56

 
$
(478
)
 
$
(16
)
 
$
(438
)
____________________
(a)
The income tax provision (benefit) for Dell Services and DSG for the three months ended October 28, 2016 was primarily due to the Company's determination that it could no longer assert permanent reinvestment in the outside basis of the entities that would be divested.
(b)
The results for ECD are shown for the period from September 7, 2016 through October 28, 2016.


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Table of Contents
DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(unaudited)

 
Nine Months Ended October 28, 2016
 
Dell Services
 
DSG
 
ECD (b)
 
Total
 
(in millions)
Net revenue
$
1,968

 
$
968

 
$
74

 
$
3,010

Cost of net revenue
1,555

 
249

 
28

 
1,832

Operating expenses
322

 
721

 
66

 
1,109

Interest and other, net

 
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
Income from discontinued operations before income taxes
91

 
(3
)
 
(20
)
 
68

Income tax provision (benefit) (a)
(955
)
 
152

 
(4
)
 
(807
)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes
$
1,046

 
$
(155
)
 
$
(16
)
 
$
875

____________________
(a)
The income tax provision (benefit) for Dell Services and DSG for the nine months ended October 28, 2016 was primarily due to the Company's determination that it could no longer assert permanent reinvestment in the outside basis of the entities that would be divested.
(b)
The results for ECD are shown for the period from September 7, 2016 through October 28, 2016.

Cash flows from the Company's discontinued operations are included in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. The significant cash flow items from Dell Services and DSG for the nine months ended October 28, 2016 were as follows:
 
Nine Months Ended October 28, 2016
 
Dell Services
 
DSG
 
Total
 
(in millions)
Depreciation and amortization (a)
$
32

 
$
66

 
$
98

Capital expenditures
$
82

 
$
20

 
$
102

____________________
(a)
Depreciation and amortization ceased upon determination that Dell Services and DSG had met the criteria for discontinued operations reporting as of March 27, 2016 and June 19, 2016, respectively.

Depreciation and amortization for ECD ceased upon determination that the held-for-sale criteria were met. Capital expenditures for ECD were immaterial for the period from September 7, 2016 through October 28, 2016.


20

Table of Contents
DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(unaudited)

NOTE 4 — FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

The following table presents the Company's hierarchy for its assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of November 3, 2017 and February 3, 2017:
 
November 3, 2017 (a)
 
February 3, 2017
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Quoted
Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
 
 
 
Quoted
Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
 
 
 
(in millions)
Assets:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
$
7,256

 
$

 
$

 
$
7,256

 
$
4,866

 
$

 
$

 
$
4,866

Municipal obligations

 

 

 

 

 
3

 

 
3

U.S. and foreign corporate debt securities

 
89

 

 
89

 

 

 

 

U.S. government and agencies
5

 

 

 
5

 

 

 

 

Debt securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government and agencies
726

 
400

 

 
1,126

 
444

 
470

 

 
914

U.S. corporate

 
1,992

 

 
1,992

 

 
1,800

 

 
1,800

Foreign

 
2,426

 

 
2,426

 

 
2,083

 

 
2,083

Municipal obligations

 

 

 

 

 
352

 

 
352

Asset-backed securities

 

 

 

 

 
4

 

 
4

Equity and other securities
227

 
3

 

 
230

 
169

 

 

 
169

Derivative instruments

 
91

 

 
91

 

 
205

 

 
205

Total assets
$
8,214

 
$
5,001

 
$

 
$
13,215

 
$
5,479

 
$
4,917

 
$

 
$
10,396

Liabilities:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Derivative instruments
$

 
$
30

 
$

 
$
30

 
$

 
$
64

 
$

 
$
64

Total liabilities
$

 
$
30

 
$

 
$
30

 
$

 
$
64

 
$

 
$
64

____________________
(a) The Company did not transfer any securities between levels during the nine months ended November 3, 2017.

The following section describes the valuation methodologies the Company uses to measure financial instruments at fair value:

Money Market Funds — The Company's investment in money market funds that are classified as cash equivalents hold underlying investments with a weighted average maturity of 90 days or less and are recognized at fair value. The valuations of these securities are based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets, when available, or pricing models whereby all significant inputs are observable or can be derived from or corroborated by observable market data. The Company reviews security pricing and assesses liquidity on a quarterly basis. As of November 3, 2017, the Company's U.S. portfolio had no material exposure to money market funds with a fluctuating net asset value.

Equity and Other Securities — The majority of the Company's investments in equity and other securities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis consist of strategic investments in publicly traded companies. The valuation of these securities is based on quoted prices in active markets.

Debt Securities — The majority of the Company's debt securities consists of various fixed income securities such as U.S. government and agencies, U.S. corporate, and foreign. Valuation is based on pricing models whereby all significant inputs, including benchmark yields, reported trades, broker-dealer quotes, issue spreads, benchmark securities, bids, offers, and other


21

Table of Contents
DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(unaudited)

market related data, are observable or can be derived from or corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the asset. Inputs are documented in accordance with the fair value measurements hierarchy. The Company reviews security pricing and assesses liquidity on a quarterly basis. See Note 5 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information about investments.

Derivative Instruments — The Company's derivative financial instruments consist primarily of foreign currency forward and purchased option contracts and interest rate swaps. The fair value of the portfolio is determined using valuation models based on market observable inputs, including interest rate curves, forward and spot prices for currencies, and implied volatilities. Credit risk is also factored into the fair value calculation of the Company's derivative instrument portfolio. See Note 8 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for a description of the Company's derivative financial instrument activities.

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis — Certain assets are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis and therefore are not included in the recurring fair value table above. These assets consist primarily of non-financial assets such as goodwill and intangible assets. See Note 9 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information about goodwill and intangible assets.

As of November 3, 2017 and February 3, 2017, the Company held strategic investments of $507 million and $455 million, respectively. These investments are accounted for under the cost method and are not included in the recurring fair value table above. Investments accounted for under the cost method are recorded at cost initially, which approximates fair value. Subsequently, if there is an indicator of impairment, the impairment is recognized. In evaluating these investments for impairment, the Company uses inputs including pre- and post-money valuations of recent financing events and the impact of those on its fully diluted ownership percentages, as well as other available information regarding the issuer's historical and forecasted performance. As these investments are early-stage companies which are not publicly traded, it is not practicable for the Company to reliably estimate the fair value of these investments.

Carrying Value and Estimated Fair Value of Outstanding Debt — The following table summarizes the carrying value and estimated fair value of the Company's outstanding debt as described in Note 7 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, including the current portion, as of the dates indicated:

 
November 3, 2017
 
February 3, 2017
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
(in billions)
Senior Secured Credit Facilities
$
10.7

 
$
10.9

 
$
11.4

 
$
11.7

First Lien Notes
$
19.7

 
$
22.2

 
$
19.7

 
$
21.8

Unsecured Notes and Debentures
$
2.3

 
$
2.5

 
$
2.3

 
$
2.5

Senior Notes
$
3.1

 
$
3.5

 
$
3.1

 
$
3.5

EMC Notes
$
5.5

 
$
5.4

 
$
5.5

 
$
5.4

VMware Notes
$
4.0

 
$
4.0

 
$

 
$

Margin Loan Facility
$
2.0

 
$
2.0

 
$

 
$

Bridge Facilities
$

 
$

 
$
4.0

 
$
4.0


The fair values of the outstanding Senior Secured Credit Facilities, First Lien Notes, Unsecured Notes and Debentures, Senior Notes, EMC Notes, VMware Notes, Margin Loan Facility, and Bridge Facilities were determined based on observable market prices in a less active market or based on valuation methodologies using observable inputs and were categorized as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy. The fair values of the other short-term debt and the structured financing debt approximate their carrying values due to their short-term maturities.


22

Table of Contents
DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(unaudited)

NOTE 5 INVESTMENTS

The following table summarizes, by major security type, the carrying value and amortized cost of the Company's investments. All debt security investments with remaining effective maturities in excess of one year and substantially all equity and other securities are recorded as long-term investments in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.
 
November 3, 2017
 
February 3, 2017
 
Cost
 
Unrealized Gain
 
Unrealized (Loss)
 
Carrying Value
 
Cost
 
Unrealized Gain
 
Unrealized (Loss)
 
Carrying Value
 
(in millions)
Investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government and agencies
$
479

 
$

 
$
(1
)
 
$
478

 
$
231

 
$

 
$

 
$
231

U.S. corporate debt securities
649

 

 
(1
)
 
648

 
651

 

 
(1
)
 
650

Foreign debt securities
883

 

 
(1
)
 
882

 
743

 

 
(1
)
 
742

Municipal obligations

 

 

 

 
348

 

 

 
348

Asset-backed securities

 

 

 

 
4

 

 

 
4

Total short-term investments
2,011

 

 
(3
)
 
2,008

 
1,977

 

 
(2
)
 
1,975

U.S. government and agencies
652

 

 
(4
)
 
648

 
689

 

 
(6
)
 
683

U.S. corporate debt securities
1,349

 
2

 
(7
)
 
1,344

 
1,164

 

 
(14
)
 
1,150

Foreign debt securities
1,550

 
1

 
(7
)
 
1,544

 
1,356

 

 
(15
)
 
1,341

Municipal obligations

 

 

 

 
4

 

 

 
4

Equity and other securities (a)
659

 
78

 

 
737

 
604

 
22

 
(2
)
 
624

Total long-term investments
4,210

 
81

 
(18
)
 
4,273

 
3,817

 
22

 
(37
)
 
3,802

Total investments
$
6,221

 
$
81

 
$
(21
)
 
$
6,281

 
$
5,794

 
$
22

 
$
(39
)
 
$
5,777

____________________
(a)
The majority of equity and other securities are strategic investments accounted for under the cost method, while the remainder are investments that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis. See Note 4 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on investments measured at fair value on a recurring basis.

The Company's investments in debt securities are classified as available-for-sale securities, which are carried at fair value. As of November 3, 2017, the aggregate fair value of investments held in a continuous unrealized loss position for greater than 12 months was $1.7 billion, and the unrealized loss of these investments was $13 million.

The maturities of debt securities held at November 3, 2017 are as follows:
 
Amortized Cost
 
Carrying Value
 
(in millions)
Due within one year
$
2,011

 
$
2,008

Due after 1 year through 5 years
3,491

 
3,476

Due after 5 years through 10 years
60

 
60

Total
$
5,562

 
$
5,544



23

Table of Contents
DELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(unaudited)

NOTE 6 — FINANCIAL SERVICES

The Company offers or arranges various financing options and services for its business and consumer customers in North America, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand through Dell Financial Services and its affiliates (collectively, "DFS"). The key activities of DFS include the origination, collection, and servicing of customer receivables primarily related to the purchase of Dell Technologies' products and services. New financing originations, which represent the amounts of financing provided by DFS to customers for equipment and related software and services, including originations of third-party technology products, were $1.6 billion and $1.1 billion for three months ended November 3, 2017 and October 28, 2016, respectively, and $4.3 billion and $3.0 billion for the nine months ended November 3, 2017 and October 28, 2016, respectively.

In June 2017, as part of the global expansion of Dell Technologies' captive financing model, the Company purchased a portfolio of customer fixed-term financing receivables totaling approximately $89 million from Bank of Queensland. Bank of Queensland was previously the Company's preferred financing partner in Australia and New Zealand.

The Company's financing receivables are aggregated into the following categories:

Revolving loans — Revolving loans offered under private label credit financing programs provide qualified customers with a revolving credit line for the purchase of products and services offered by Dell Technologies. These private label credit financing programs are referred to as Dell Preferred Account ("DPA") and Dell Business Credit ("DBC"). The DPA product is primarily offered to individual consumer customers, and the DBC product is primarily offered to small and medium-sized commercial customers. Revolving loans in the United States bear interest at a variable annual percentage rate that is tied to the prime rate. Based on historical payment patterns, revolving loan transactions are typically repaid within twelve months on average.

Fixed-term sales-type leases and loans — The Company enters into sales-type lease arrangements with customers who seek lease financing. Leases with business customers have fixed terms of generally two to four years. Future maturities of minimum lease payments as of November 3, 2017 were as follows: Fiscal 2018 (remaining three months) - $665 million; Fiscal 2019 - $1,755 million; Fiscal 2020 - $1,151 million; Fiscal 2021 - $503 million; Fiscal 2022 and beyond - $148 million. The Company also offers fixed-term loans to qualified small businesses, large commercial accounts, governmental organizations, educational entities, and certain individual consumer customers. These loans are repaid in equal payments including interest and have defined terms of generally three to five years.

The following table summarizes the components of the Company's financing receivables segregated by portfolio segment as of November 3, 2017 and February 3, 2017:
 
November 3, 2017
 
February 3, 2017
 
Revolving
 
Fixed-term
 
Total
 
Revolving
 
Fixed-term
 
Total
 
(in millions)
Financing receivables, net:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer receivables, gross
$
871

 
$
5,665

 
$
6,536

 
$
1,009

 
$
4,530

 
$
5,539

Allowances for losses
(79
)
 
(52
)
 
(131
)
 
(91
)
 
(52
)
 
(143
)
Customer receivables, net
792

 
5,613